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SSH Keygen

Secure Shell (SSH) is a cryptographic protocol that securely transports data over an unsecured network (see RFC 4253). It allows user authentication through a pair of cryptographic keys. The keys in the pair are called the public and private key.

ssh-keygen is a tool from the OpenSSH software, which is used to generate such cryptographic key pairs.

In more general terms, keygen refers to the component of any SSH software that has the purpose of generating key pairs for use in an SSH connection (e.g. putty-keygen).

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ssh-keygen generates, manages and converts authentication keys for ssh. ssh-keygen can create RSA keys for use by SSH protocol version 1 and RSA, DSA or ECDSA keys for use by SSH protocol version 2.

Key Creation in ZOC Terminal

To create DSA key using ZOC's built in key generator, connect to an SSH host and then in the ZOC window choose File-menu > Create SSH Key Files.

In the window that opens, choose a bit length (today a minimum of 2048 bits is required to be considered secure), an optional passphrase, a key type and the location and file name to store the key.

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Key Creation using OpenSSH

To create DSA key using ssh-keygen, simply pass -t dsa as an argument.

Under Linux the new key will be stored under the ~/.ssh directory with the name id_dsa and id_dsa.pub.

$ ssh-keygen -t dsa

Generating public/private dsa key pair. Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_dsa): Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): Enter same passphrase again: Your identification has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_dsa. Your public key has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_dsa.pub. The key fingerprint is: xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx root@somewhere

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